A Comparison on Job Tasks for Operators of Business Enterprises for the Blind and State Licensing Agency Training Practices
The purpose of this study was to describe the job tasks of Business Enterprise Program (BEP) operators in snack bar, cafeteria, and vending businesses and to compare reported job tasks to state licensing agency (SLA) training programs. Results indicate that there are some major differences between practice and the training provided by state licensing agencies.
A Survey of the ADA Request Experience of Persons Who are Blind or Who Have a Severe Visual Impairment: Part II of a Three-Part Series
This report, the second of a three-part series, presents the findings from a survey of the work-related ADA accommodation request experiences of people who are blind or severely visually impaired over 5 years (2000 to 2004). The results from part one of this study, which found that people who are blind received limited help from employers with the accommodations they requested unless specialists from the state VR services were involved, were used as the basis for the survey in part two.
An Update on Services and Outcomes of Blind and Visually Impaired Consumers Served in Separate and General/Combined VR Agencies
A replication of a 1998 study comparing the demographic and disability characteristics, services, and outcomes of blind and visually impaired consumers served in separate vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies for the blind and agencies serving persons with all disabilities. Findings support previous studies indicating that separate VR agencies serve a higher percentage of consumers with characteristics associated with lower labor force participation rates and close a higher percentage of legally blind consumers into competitive employment.
Annotated Bibliography: Interventions Affecting Successful Secondary Transition of Adolescents with Visual Impairments
A systematic literature review resulted in selection of sixteen studies describing research projects focusing on interventions and practices affecting successful secondary transition among adolescents with visual impairments for annotation. This bibliography is organized by two research outcomes: studies investigating treatment effects on career awareness and job seeking skills and studies investigating social and related skills.
Barriers to Employment Among Persons who are Blind or Visually Impaired: Executive Summary
A 1998 executive summary describing MSU-RRTC research which identified barriers to employment faced by individuals who are blind or visually impaired. The document includes a brief literature review and describes results from a mail survey of employed persons who are blind or severely visually impaired.
Comprehensive Examination of Barriers to Employment Among Persons who are Blind or Visually Impaired
Results of NRTC research indicate that on-the-job training programs, job coaches, and transportation voucher systems are helpful in assisting persons who are blind/severely visually impaired overcome employment barriers. Consumers also typically rely on their significant other for encouragement, transportation, and clerical assistance, while receiving assistance from the rehabilitation providers. Employers also provide adaptive equipment; encouragement and assistance; education and training; and clerical assistance, readers, and drivers.
Consumer and Employer Strategies for Overcoming Employment Barriers: Technical Report
This report presents results from focus groups of persons who are blind and employer focus groups suggesting strategies/methods for rehabilitation providers and employers assisting persons who are blind or severely visually impaired in overcoming employment barriers. Suggestions for rehabilitation providers and employers are provided.
Employment Retention after Vision Loss: Intensive Case Studies
This document examines the lives of 10 persons who are blind or severely visually impaired who maintained competitive employment despite their vision loss. This intensive examination of their success in the competitive job market provides insight regarding employment issues facing persons who are blind or visually impaired. Emphasis is placed on strategies rehabilitation counselors can use to facilitate effective job modification, thus promoting retention of competitive employment.
Factorial Identification of Characteristics of Blind Clients in Vocational Rehabilitation and Implications for Employment Outcomes. Monograph I: Dimensions of the Rehabilitation Service Delivery System
The general purpose of this monograph is to establish underpinnings for an information system which can provide technical assistance to state and private rehabilitation agencies and service providers in the vocational rehabilitation process for blind and visually impaired persons. Major goals of the study are to gain a better understanding of the rehabilitation system, which will aid administrators, planners, and managers in directing the system, and also identify factors in the rehabilitation process which lead to heightened employment outcomes.
Factors Influencing Employment Outcomes of Legally Blind Rehabilitation Clients who have Hearing Impairments
Executive summary of a study of the relationship between agency/consumer data and employment outcomes of 44 individuals who are legally blind with a hearing impairment.
Identification of Roles and Functions of Orientation and Mobility Specialists
The study had two major objectives: (1) to identify current roles and functions of O&M specialists and (2) to identify the training needs of this group as they relate to their current work. A survey instrument, derived from actual job descriptions received from a variety of settings nationwide, was pilot tested on a randomly selected national sample of O&M specialists working in a variety of settings. A factor analysis and a review by a national panel of experts resulted in a final instrument comprised of 100 job task items.
Improving Employment Outcomes by Connecting With Businesses
Research Takeaway Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies are increasingly focused on building and maintaining employer relationships in order to support the employment of individuals with disabilities. Employers were surveyed about their interactions with VR and their hiring of people who are blind or visually impaired (BVI). Employers who reported contact with VR agencies were more likely to have hired an individual with BVI and to intend to hire from among this population in the future. These results provide empirical support for the importance of VR professionals making and maintaining relationships with employers.
Intervention Practices in the Retention of Competitive Employment Among Individuals who are Blind or Visually Impaired
This report identifies and describes strategies that contribute to successful job retention for people who are blind or visually impaired. It also evaluates the best rehabilitation practices in regard to job retention for people who are blind or visually impaired.
Lifestyles of Employed Legally Blind People - A Study of Expenditures and Time Use: Technical Report
This monograph explores the lifestyles of individuals who are legally blind and employed and compares this group to a group of sighted individuals on factors such as social participation, financial expenditures, educational background, family situation, use of technology, and other social factors. Conclusions are made about key similarities and differences.
Looking at Employment through a Lifespan Telescope: Age, Health, and Employment Status of People with Serious Vision Impairment - Executive Summary
An in-depth analysis of nationally representative data on the employment of people who are legally blind or have other serious visual impairments, ages 18-69.
Model Curricula for Training Managers and Facility Operators in the Business Enterprise Program: A Resource Guide (1993)
This resource guide outlines detailed objectives and resources for training curriculum for training managers and facility operators in the Business Enterprise Program. Topics covered include orientation to the BEP, merchandising and customer relations, small business management, recordkeeping (financial management), food costs, and employee relations, among others.
Overcoming Barriers to Employment among Persons with Visual Disabilities: Perspectives of Rehabilitation Providers
This monograph identifies strategies/accommodations rehabilitation providers use to assist persons who are blind/severely visually impaired in overcoming employment barriers. Providers address attitudinal barriers through education strategies, which include presentations, networking, mentoring, job coaching, and on-the-job training experiences. Transportation barriers are addressed through individual intervention, such as relocation, transportation funds, or use of volunteers, as well as through systems change.
Participation Levels of African Americans in the Profession of Blindness Services - Views of Service Providers: Executive Summary
This monograph identifies and discusses reasons for the under-representation of African Americans and other minority groups in the professional and occupational ranks of rehabilitation service providers for persons who are blind or visually impaired.
Relationship of Agency Structure and Client Characteristics to Rehabilitation Services and Outcomes for Consumers who are Blind
A 1998 study which investigated differences in state VR services and outcomes for legally blind consumers, comparing separate and combined (cross-disability) agencies.
Relationships of Participant Selection and Cost Factors of Service Delivery across Rehabilitation Agency Types. Monograph I: Defining Rehabilitation Agency Types
This monograph reviews the different types and structures of rehabilitation agencies serving individuals who are blind or visually impaired throughout the country.
Selected Readings on the Preparation of Personnel for the Education of Students who are Deaf-Blind
These readings were selected to survey the field of education of students who are deaf-blind with respect to preparation of its teachers. The readings have been divided into two categories: the needs of teachers' in-service and pre-service training, and information about students arranged according to programmatic issues such as "diagnostics" or "transition," most of which have been written concerning students who are blind, deaf, or deaf-blind.
Teaching Students who are Deaf-Blind: Observed Practices
The purpose of this document is to investigate and identify current effective practices in teaching youth who are deaf-blind, and to develop instructional guidelines based on those observed practices.
Teaching Youth who are Deaf-Blind: Annotated Bibliography
This publication is designed to be of assistance to teachers who have little or no previous teaching experience working with individuals who are deaf-blind. The publication is divided into topical sections which address specific concerns of teachers. These sections begin with explanatory text which is followed by a topically related annotated bibliography.
The 1994 Survey of Direct Labor Workers who are Blind and Employed by NIB Affiliated Industries for the Blind
This report is the results of a survey of direct labor workers who are blind or visually impaired and employed by the National Industries for the Blind (NIB) in 1994. The survey results were used to develop and modify current service delivery policies and systems with the goal of increasing job satisfaction, productivity, upward mobility, and opportunities for direct labor workers.
The Effect of Career Mentoring on Employment Outcomes for College Students Who Are Legally Blind
College students who are blind or visually impaired (BVI) showed increases in assertive job hunting behavior when they worked with a career mentor. Establishing a relationship with a mentor who was blind and working in the same career field was beneficial to students.
The Randolph-Sheppard Business Enterprise Program: Illumination and Color Contrast Monograph 3: Studies of the Randolph-Sheppard Program
In this study, researchers sought to determine whether or not snack bars operating under the Randolph-Sheppard Business Enterprise Program meet recommended illumination standards and use color schemes to achieve proper mood and maximum production when applicable. Only dining and storage areas were found to meet or surpass recommended illumination levels. Results of this study suggest that a review and possible improvement of light and color in existing facilities might enhance sales and profits for blind entrepreneurs.
Transition to Work: Rehabilitation Counselor Perspectives
This document summarizes comments made by rehabilitation counselors about transition age consumers with visual disabilities who successfully transitioned to competitive employment and factors that impacted this transition.
Work Assessment Instruments for the Vocational Evaluation of People with Visual Disabilities: Executive Summary
This document identifies current practices in work assessments that can be readily applied by education are rehabilitation professionals working with visual disabilities and identifies modifications needed for these work assessments to be applicable to individuals with visual disabilities. It then establishes norm developments for using these work assessments and identifies career options that are not available through the use of work assessments.
Youth with Visual Disabilities - Transition from School to Work: Technical Report
This project examined the career transition problems of young people with visual impairments as they moved from school to work and identified key components of selected transition programs. Young people who were still in training or currently employed were selected from an educationally based and a rehabilitation based transition program to participate in the study. Eighteen transition services and a number of problems faced by young people with visual disabilities in transition from school to work were identified.