This project is an exploratory study that will generate knowledge about job retention and advancement for individuals with blindness and visual impairments (B/VI) by exploring job-retention cases nationally and evaluating the impact of vocational rehabilitation (VR) agency policies on consumer employment outcomes.
- What skills (including technology) are generalizable across employment situations that facilitate job retention and advancement?
- What factors (such as assistive technology and training, services received, and personal characteristics) are associated with job retention when people experience vision loss?
- What policies are state VR agencies using to facilitate job retention and advancement among persons who are B/VI or who are losing their vision?
- Are VR agency policies about retention and advancement associated with employment outcomes for consumers who seek to retain employment?
- Do persons who apply for VR services while employed and persons who apply for VR services while unemployed receive different services or have different characteristics?
- Do persons who retain employment at VR case closure and those who do not retain employment at case closure differ in terms of characteristics and services received?
Following the passage of the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, there is renewed interest in generating knowledge about job retention and advancement for individuals with B/VI. Unfortunately, research regarding job retention and advancement is limited, supporting the need for further exploration and investigation.
This project will provide information about policies or procedures state VR agencies have in place concerning job retention and advancement for consumers who are B/VI. Of equal importance, this research will investigate how employment outcomes are associated with those polices, or lack thereof, at the individual and state VR-program levels. The importance of technology to job retention will also be investigated. A key factor in this research is the inclusion of consumer perspectives regarding how state VR agencies have impacted their ability to retain or advance in employment.
Research data will be obtained via a national survey of state agencies and a consumer survey. We will implement a survey with individuals to identify factors that helped them retain their jobs and a survey with VR agencies to explore policies for job-retention and advancement. Analyses with RSA-911 and survey data will explore job-retention cases nationally and evaluate the impact of agency policies on consumer employment outcomes. Case studies will provide more in-depth information about job retention for people who are B/VI.
Expected Outcomes and Benefits
This project will result in greater insight into the VR agency policies and practices and individual consumer characteristics that promote job retention and advancement for individuals with B/VI.
Crudden, A., & McKnight, Z. S. (2022). Skills associated with job retention among persons with visual impairments. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness. Advance online publication.
Crudden, A., & Steverson, A. (2022). Job retention: Perspectives of individuals with blindness and low vision. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 57(2), 127-140.
Crudden, A., & Steverson, A.C. (2021). Job retention and career advancement: A survey of persons who are blind or have low vision. Journal of Rehabilitation, 87(2), 28-35.
McKnight, Z. S., Crudden, A., & McDonnall, M. C. (2021). Personal Characteristics Associated with Working After Disability Onset for People with Visual Impairments. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 115(2), 95–105.
Crudden, A., Sui, Z., & Lund, E. (2020). Employed vocational rehabilitation applicants with visual disabilities: Factors associated with timely service delivery. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 114(1), 31-42.
Quick Guide: National Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, (2020). You Can Work with Blindness and Low Vision. [Guide]
Brochure: National Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, (2020). You Can Work with Blindness and Low Vision. [Brochure]
Online Course: Career Advancement and Job Retention: Information Concerning Persons with Vision Loss
Brochure: National Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, (2019). Downloadable Human Resources Guide for Working with Employees Experiencing Vision Loss. [Brochure]
Booklet: National Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, (2019). Downloadable Human Resources Guide for Working with Employees Experiencing Vision Loss. [Booklet].
Sides, J. (Host). (2019, January 11). Eye on Vision. [Podcast Audio]. Retrieved from http://eyeonvision.blogspot.com/
Crudden, A., McDonnall, M. C., & Sui, Z. (2018). Losing Employment: At-risk employed vocational rehabilitation applicants with vision loss. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 112(5), 461-474.
Crudden, A., Giesen, J. M., & Sui, Z. (2018). Contrasting competitively employed and unemployed VR applicants with visual disabilities: Characteristics and VR service delivery patterns. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 49(1), 117-126.
Crudden, A., & Steverson, A. (2018). Job retention and career advancement: VR agencies serving consumers with blindness or low vision and WIOA. The Journal of Rehabilitation, 84(4), 38-44.
This research project is sponsored by a grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR grant #90RT5040). NIDILRR is a Center within the Administration for Community Living (ACL), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The contents of this webpage do not necessarily represent the policy of NIDILRR, ACL, or HHS, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.