Deaf-Blindness Resources

Report: Youth with Deaf-Blindness

This report provides a picture of a nationally representative sample of deaf-blind youth during the 2000s (from 2001 to 2009), obtained from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2). The literature about transition-age youth with deaf-blindness is extremely limited; in response to this lack of research, the purpose of this report is to describe the characteristics, secondary school experiences, academic achievements, postsecondary school attendance, and employment experiences of this population from the perspectives of parents/guardians, youth, and teachers.

Last Updated 12/15/2017

Employment Statistics for People with Dual Sensory Impairments

This data summary describes current (2011-2015) employment data for individuals with dual sensory impairments. The unemployment rate, labor force participation rate, and employment-population ratio are reported for the general U.S. population, for individuals with all disabilities, and for individuals with dual sensory impairments. A brief history and analysis of the data is also included.

Last Updated 7/23/2018

Predictors of Employment for Youth Who are Deaf-Blind

This article focuses on factors that predict post-high school employment for transition-age youth who are deaf-blind, based on data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2. Results support the importance of paid high school work experiences, high parent expectations, and vocational education services for improving employment outcomes for youth who are deaf-blind.

Cmar, J.L., McDonnall, M.C., & Markoski, K.M. (2018). In-school predictors of post-school employment for youth who are deaf-blind. Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals, 41(4), 223-233. DOI: 10.1177/2165143417736057

Last Updated 10/04/2018

Predictors of Employment and Job Quality of VR Consumers with Deaf-Blindness

The purpose of this study was to investigate employment outcomes for vocational rehabilitation (VR) consumers with deaf-blindness, with a sample of 1,382 consumers obtained from the Rehabilitation Services Administration Case Service Report (RSA-911) data. Overall, the results indicate that several VR service-related factors are associated with whether deaf-blind consumers obtain competitive employment, but consumers’ personal characteristics are much more important in determining job quality.

McDonnall, M.C., & Cmar, J. (2018). Employment outcomes and job quality of vocational rehabilitation consumers with deaf-blindness. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.1177/0034355218769461

Last Updated 6/11/2018

Experiences of Young Adults with Deaf-Blindness after High School

Post-high school experiences of young adults who are deaf-blind are described in this article, with a focus on receipt of services, services needed but not received, and engagement in postsecondary education and employment. Differences in these areas between young adults with and without cognitive impairments are discussed.

McDonnall, M., & Cmar, J. (2018). Experiences of young adults with deaf-blindness after high school. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 112(4), 403-410.

Last Updated 7/30/2019

Characteristics, Services, and Outcomes of Vocational Rehabilitation Consumers who are Deaf-Blind

This article provides descriptive information about the characteristics, services, and outcomes of consumers served by vocational rehabilitation agencies in the United States who are deaf-blind based on Rehabilitation Services Administration Case Service Report (RSA-911) data from fiscal years 2013, 2014, and 2015.

Cmar, J. L., & McDonnall, M. C. (2019). Characteristics, services, and outcomes of vocational rehabilitation consumers who are deaf-blind. JADARA, 52(2), 12-24.

Last Updated 7/30/2019

Services for Consumers who are Deaf-Blind: Vocational Rehabilitation Agency Service Models Utilized and Their Effectiveness

The purpose of this study was to investigate vocational rehabilitation (VR) service models used for providing services to consumers who are deaf-blind and their effectiveness. Four VR agency service models were identified: specialist, professional collaboration, specialist plus professional collaboration, and miscellaneous. Significant differences in competitive employment closure rates were found based on the service model type.

McDonnall, M. C., & Cmar, J. L. (2019). Services for consumers who are deaf-blind: Vocational rehabilitation agency service models utilized and their effectiveness. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 113(1), 19-31.

Last Updated 7/30/2019